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A recumbent bicycle, also known as a recumbent bicycle, is a type of bicycle where the rider is in a recumbent or semi-recumbent position with their feet in front of them and their back against a backrest. Here is a description of its function and characteristics:

1. Function:

- Driving comfort:

The main function of a recumbent bike is to provide a high level of riding comfort. The rider's reclined position reduces pressure on the hands, arms, neck and back, which can reduce fatigue and pain associated with long distances or extended rides.

- Aero Dynamics :

The rider's recumbent position reduces the frontal surface area exposed to the wind, thereby improving the aerodynamics of the bike. This can allow the rider to maintain higher speeds with less effort, which is particularly beneficial for road racing or for cyclists looking to maximize their fuel efficiency.

- Stability and control:

The low position of the rider's center of gravity contributes to better stability and control of the bike, especially when cornering or when riding at high speeds.

- Pressure relief:

The rider's recumbent position distributes weight more evenly over a larger area, which can reduce pressure on the buttocks and tailbone, providing better comfort for people with traditional saddle issues.

- Recovery and rehabilitation:

Recumbent bikes are sometimes used in rehabilitation or recovery programs for people with injuries or physical limitations because the recumbent position reduces stress on joints and muscles while providing moderate cardiovascular activity.

2. Features:

- Lying position:

The most distinctive feature of a recumbent bike is the rider's recumbent or semi-recumbent position. The legs are usually extended forward, while the back is supported against a comfortable backrest.

- Low frame:

Recumbent bikes often have a low frame to allow the rider to get in and out of the bike easily and to lower the center of gravity, improving stability.

- Steering under the seat:

The steering of the recumbent bike is often located under the rider's seat, allowing for a more natural ride and better weight distribution.

- Pedals forward:

The pedals on a recumbent bike are placed in front of the rider rather than beneath them, allowing for a more horizontal and natural pedaling motion.

- Suspension:

Some recumbent bikes are equipped with suspension to absorb road shock and improve rider comfort, especially on uneven surfaces.

- Wheels:

Recumbent bikes can be equipped with different wheel sizes, depending on the intended use of the bike. Larger wheels generally provide better stability at high speeds, while smaller wheels provide better handling.

In summary, a recumbent bike offers high riding comfort thanks to its recumbent position, improved aerodynamics and low center of gravity. Its main features include the reclined rider position, low frame, under-seat steering, forward pedals, suspension and different wheel sizes. These features are optimized to provide a comfortable, stable and efficient ride on a recumbent bike.